Třebíč is a town in the Moravian part of the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic. Třebíč is situated 35 km southeast of Jihlava and 65 km west of Brno on the Jihlava River. Třebíč’s elevation is from 392 to 503 metres above sea-level. Třebíč has a temperate climate with occasional rains. Average annual temperature is 7.5 °C, average temperature in July is 18.5 °C and −3.4 °C in January.
Třebíč is a regional centre with a population of approximately 40,000. In the age of expansion, Třebíč was the third most important town in Moravia. The population growth started after World War II. Třebíč is the administrative capital of the Třebíč District. There are many well-known tourist sights. The Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius Basilica are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Nearly 37 thousand people lived in Třebíč in 2016. Beginning of the town’s history is connected with an establishment of Benedictine monastery, where the castle is located today.
History & sights
The historical treasury of Třebíč includes the old Jewish Quarter and the large Romanesque St Procopius’ Basilica, which incorporates some later Gothic features, including a rare example of a ten-part (also known as ‘botanical’) rose window. Such designs reflect the five or ten parts of the roseaceae family flowers and fruit, based on their five sepals and petals or the usual ten segments of their fruit. Botanical rose windows contrast with more complex Gothic windows that contain more segments (usually multiples of traditional gothic units of design – three trefoil, or four quatrefoil). Another thesis says that these decorations are based on an ancient design, inspired by forerunners in the wheel of life, associated with eastern religions nowadays, or may allude to the Virgin Mary.
The famous Basilica originated in the early 12th century as a Benedictine monastery. It was endowed so well, that it led to the establishment of a local commercial centre; the town of Trebic. The monastery was rebuilt during the reign of King Wenceslas I (1230–53), and again at the end of the fifteenth century. During the first half of the 16th century some of Trebic’s historic monastic buildings were remodeled into a castle, and were later renovated in Baroque style.
In the early eighteenth century changes were introduced on the basilica by Czech architect, Frantisek Maxmilian Kanka; windows were enlarged, buttresses were added, a south-west tower was rebuilt, and a new west front with two towers was constructed in a gothic baroque style.
The historical town of Trebic, which extends on both sides of the river Jihlava, was declared a Conservation Area in 1990. The Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius Basilica together with the castle and gardens, are all included within the Trebic Conservation Area.
Famous people born in Třebíč:
- Patrik Eliáš, ice hockey player
- Martin Erat, ice hockey player
- Pavel Padrnos, professional road racing cyclist
- Vladimir Sobotka, ice hockey player
- Jan Zahradníček, Czech poet, born in Mastník, near Třebíč
- Jan Syrový, Czechoslovak general and politician, prime minister (1938)
- Jaroslav Zvěřina, Czech politician
- Jindřich Svoboda (aviator) (1917–1942), a Czech bomber captain in the RAF
- Theodor Gebre Selassie, first black player to represent the Czech Republic at any level internationally
- Jitka Válková, Czech Republic, Top 15 at Miss Universe 2010
Article Source: Wikipedia